Genetics Terms: Things to Know about DNA Test Results

Genetics Terms: Things to Know about DNA Test Results

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Before you order a DNA Test or whole-genome analysis, you should probably beef up on some of those biology terms you have long forgotten. But worry not! This guide will lead you through all the terms you need to understand when getting the results from a direct-to-consumer genetic home test. First Things First, What is DNA?  DNA is shorthand for deoxyribonucleic acid. This molecule holds all of the information your cells need to survive and reproduce. DNA is stored as chromosomes, and humans have 23 unique chromosomes. Each of these chromosomes contains the information necessary to produce various proteins, which work together in immensely complex networks to form a functioning body. On each chromosome, there are multiple genes. Each gene is made of small molecules called nucleotides. There are only…
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